by Swami Krishnananda
Here, the Upaniṣhad closes the preceding subject, and then gives a long list of Masters. It is a tradition in the Upaniṣhadic parlance especially, to conclude a secret teaching with enunciation of the list of the Masters through whose grace we have received this wisdom today. Otherwise, how would we know it? It has come through them. I need not repeat the list as it is a very very long list of great men – Pautimasya and others-all those great people who ultimately received knowledge from God Himself in intuition. Parameṣṭhinaḥ, parameṣṭhī brahmaṇaḥ, brahma svayambhu, brahmaṇe: Everyone received knowledge from someone else. God is the only one who does not receive knowledge from someone else. Until we reach that state of Self, complete knowledge, we are in a state of movement, in a process of aspiration.
Here ends the First Section of Two Chapters in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣhad, called the Madhu Kanda.